Health promotion is, as stated in the 1986 World Health Organization Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. Health promotion is the purposeful actions carried out by people to promote their well being and prevent disease, disability and premature death through education-driven voluntary behavior change activities.
IMPORTANCE OF HEALTH PROMOTION
- Health promotion improves the health status of individuals, families, communities, states, and the nation.
- Health promotion enhances the quality of life for all people.
- Health promotion reduces premature deaths.
- By focusing on prevention, health promotion reduces the costs (both financial and human) that individuals, employers, families, insurance companies, medical facilities, communities, the state and the nation would spend on medical treatment.
- Sharing Information and Developing Community Programs An important element in disease prevention is sharing knowledge about diseases and how to protect patients from them.
- Promoting Regular Health Checkups:Regular health assessments are key elements of health promotion and disease prevention. When a patient has an established relationship with a primary care provider, that provider can look for changes through regular screenings.
- Health promotion raises health awareness
- Health Promotion encourage safety and reduce accidents
- Health promotion reduce number of people smoking
- Health promotion encourages healthy eating
- Health promotion improves equity in health, reduce health risks, promote healthy lifestyles and settings, and respond to the underlying determinants of health. Health promotion focuses on achieving equity in health. Health promotion action aims at reducing differences in current health status and ensuring equal opportunities and resources to enable all people to achieve their fullest health potential. This includes a secure foundation in a supportive environment, access to information, life skills and opportunities for making healthy choices. People cannot achieve their fullest health potential unless they are able to take control of those things which determine their health. This must apply equally to women and men.